Listing on the National Register of Historic Places
Places Worthy of Preservation
The National Register of Historic Places is the official list of the nation's historic places worthy of preservation. Authorized by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places is part of a national program to coordinate and support public and private efforts to identify, evaluate, and protect America's historic and archeological resources.
Listing on the National Register also results in automatic listing on the Colorado State Register of Historic Properties. The farm is also associated with the Historic Farms and Ranches of Weld County. The historic farms and ranches of the county fall into three categories representing the primary farming methods used on the High Plains during the late 19th and early 20th centuries - irrigated farming, dryland farming, and ranching. Von Trotha-Firestien Farm is associated with the historic context of Irrigated Farming in Weld County, 1870-1940.
Criteria for Determining Eligibility
Several criteria are used for determining a property's eligibility for listing on the National Register. Two criteria were applied to Von Trotha-Firestien Farm.
First, the farm is significant under Criterion A in the area of Agriculture for its long association, beginning at the turn of the century, with the development of irrigated farming and livestock feeding in Weld County.
Secondly, Von Trotha-Firestien Farm is significant under Criterion C in the area of Architecture. The architecture and construction techiques represent those employed by farmers with limited means and materials. The medley of vernacular styles and materials reveal the extent to which the area's farmers could make do by recycling building materials, adapting and reusing buildings and structures and applying do-it-yourself techniques that met restricted budgets while adjusting to changing economic and technological circumstances. The Von Trotha brothers dismantled three clay tile brick silos from other peorpties they owned and utilized the brick for the stucco farmhouse construction. When the need arose for another house, the Von Trotha brothers moved an unused home (the small white farmhouse) from one of their other properties to this farm. In the 1940s, the Von Trotha brothers purchased a surplus railroad boxcar and adapted it for storage.
The buildings and structures of the Von Trotha-Firestien Farm directly correlate to the states of technological and economic development of agriculture in northeastern Colorado, the most important being irrigation and sugar beet cultivation, both critical to the development of Greeley and Weld County.